A paint glossary is a great resource for anyone who wants to learn about the different paint terms and definitions used in the painting industry. Any homeowner planning a painting project will benefit by understanding these terms commonly used by their local painting company. While definitions are helpful, understanding what these terms mean when it comes to your home improvement project is also helpful.
By having a solid understanding of these paint terms, you will be able to better communicate with your painter and get the results you want. Knowing these terms can also help you to make informed decisions about your painting project and ensure that you are communicating exactly what you want for your Olympia or Tacoma home. Here is a list of paint terms you may use when discussing your painting project:
A type of substance used for sanding or scrubbing surfaces. During the prep of your painting project, your painting contractor will use tools to remove any imperfections. Your painter will then use an abrasive tool on the surface once the necessary repairs have been completed to ensure that your paint binds to your surfaces as it is designed.
The substance in paint holding the pigment together and gives the paint its final form and consistency. Binders play a key role in your paint’s performance and influence how well your paint: sticks to surfaces, can withstand cleaning or scrubbing, and how well it stands up to fading over time.
Paint is available in a wide range of colors. When choosing a color, it’s important to consider the overall style of your home and the desired effect you are trying to achieve.
Coverage refers to how much area a gallon of paint can cover and is measured in square feet. As part of your free estimate, your painting contractor will give you an idea of how much paint will be necessary to complete your project based on their measurements and paint choice. Paints with good coverage will be able to cover a larger area with fewer coats but, depending on the brand and its ingredients, may be more expensive.
The amount of time it takes for paint to set or dry. This is influenced by temperature and humidity, two factors that your painting contractor will be mindful of as they work on both exterior and interior projects for your home.
The finish refers to the overall look and feel of the paint job. Common finishes include flat, semi-gloss, and high-gloss. (see Sheen for a more detailed explanation below). You will want to choose a finish that is both designed for your room’s use and its aesthetic.
Hideability refers to a paint’s ability to cover up imperfections on surfaces. The more opaque a paint is, the better it will be at hiding imperfections.
There are several different types of paint, each with its own unique properties. The most common types of paint are water-based latex and oil-based enamels. These are determined by what the solvent inside your paint is. Solvents evaporate as your paint dries and depending on where and what type of painting project you are undertaking, will perform differently based on your surfaces.
A type of paint that is used as a base coat before applying the finish coat of paint. Primers help to improve the durability and longevity of paint jobs. Primers are a necessary step for many high-quality painting projects as they aid in helping your paint bind to your surfaces.
The term sheen refers to the amount of light that is reflected off of a painted surface. There are four main types of sheens: flat, eggshell, satin, and semi-gloss. You will want to choose a sheen that fits your needs. For example, a semi-gloss has a high sheen and is used in kitchens and bathrooms for added surface durability while an eggshell or flat sheen can be used in rooms with low to moderate traffic, like bedrooms or living rooms.
A clear, protective finish that is applied over paint or stain. Varnish protects your surfaces from scratches, UV rays, and other damaging elements. This is applied mostly to exterior painted surfaces like decks or other flat surfaces with heavy foot traffic.
Now that you have a better understanding of some of the terms used in the painting industry, you will be able to communicate more effectively with your painter and get the results you desire. By having a firm grasp of the language used by professionals, you can make sure that your next painting project is a success.
Flying Colors Painting has been helping their loyal customers improve their homes in Olympia and Tacoma for over 40 years. Our team of licensed professionals is ready and eager to help you transform your home.